Careers In Sustainability: How To Kickstart Your Sustainability Career

How To Kickstart Your Sustainability Career2
Liam Berry

Liam Berry

Senior Writer

Careers in sustainability- what are your options? Whether you are a seasoned professional or recent graduate, here’s how to kickstart your sustainability career.

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Like many of life’s most important things, making a career in sustainability isn’t a goal you can achieve once and then rest on your laurels. It’s a lifetime commitment to incorporating and prioritising sustainable practices in every business decision.

While there are a wide variety of sustainability best practices that can be enacted by leaders in any business — especially in environmentally high-impact industries like fashion and ecommerce — there is a difference between behaving sustainably in your career and having a career in sustainability. For the latter, we’re highlighting three career sectors that allow you to make an impact with your decision-making and push the cause forward through new learning and innovation.

Here’s a look at three of the most important career paths in sustainability and how to get started on them.

1. Sustainable Architecture, Design and Engineering

sustainable architecture carbon positive house tunbridge wells kent
photo credit: Baufritz

The design, construction and deployment of goods, buildings and even entire municipal systems are necessary for improving our societies. However, by their nature, they’re also some of the greatest sources of pollution and environmental destruction. That’s why entering a career dedicated to sustainable engineering and design is one of the best ways to advance the cause. 

For architects and industrial designers

You’ll need to study these skills in college or university, and possibly in a post-grad environment. For those committed to sustainable architecture, consider doing research and/or taking an elective course focused on sustainability. 

When it comes to getting a job in the field, getting an internship is hugely important. Much of the practical study is dedicated to meeting green building codes like LEED or BREEAM — both of which are widely accepted as signifying the design and construction of the building meet a baseline level of sustainability. While the best and most innovative firms go beyond LEED standards, they’re a good standard for aspiring professionals to study and understand. 

For sustainable civil and mechanical engineers

This is, of course, another career path requiring a lot of upfront study. While that much is clear to anyone interested, you should also consider picking a school with a top program in environmental engineering. However, most top undergrad programs will teach a similar curriculum and offer courses in sustainability. Your next big choice is your employer, both for your internships and early full-time roles. Applying to firms with a genuine dedication to building a sustainable future will increase the chances that you can become an expert and build a career in this important field.

For those without STEM degrees looking to contribute to these industries

Consider joining a sustainable firm or government agency in a non-technical capacity. Marketers, recruiters, accountants and more can make an impact in these industries. To find a good firm, check out this list of top 50 architecture firms in sustainability or top green engineering companies. While lists like those are often flawed in their methodology and contain many greenwashers, they’re a good place to start doing your own research.

2. Environmental Sciences and Sustainability Research

man geologist examines a mineral sample
photo credit: Unsplash

Of course, you can’t build something according to sustainable best practices if you don’t know what those practices are. And the job of finding out what really is and isn’t sustainable belongs to those in the field of environmental sciences and sustainability research.

To get started on this path, consider pursuing a relevant science degree for your undergraduate education and start early by taking research and lab roles to get a sense for what it’s like to do research. There’s a big difference between field work, lab work and office work. Trying out jobs and programs that allow you to do all three will give you a good sense of how you should direct your education and your career.

For those interested in lab and field work, continue to study the relevant sciences, which may be subjects like ecology or biology, and keep seeking out research opportunities. When it comes time to graduate from undergrad, there will be a variety of paths including grant research, grad school or privately-funded research opportunities.

For those not interested in lab work or the scientific method, there are other ways to use your experience and degrees…

3. Environmental Consulting and Corporate Sustainability

sustainability careers Environmental Consulting and Corporate Sustainability
photo credit:

The good thing about environmental consulting and corporate sustainability jobs is that they’re accessible. You can get involved with or without a technical degree and you can pivot from an established career. The difficult part of these roles is that they’re at the greatest risk for greenwashing.

What is environmental consulting? 

These roles range from management consulting — which is often planning and project management focused  — to more technical consulting — where you’d use your expertise to advise on projects with a sustainability angle. For consultants, you may be hired to help a business make a plan to reduce its carbon footprint or assess the sustainability of its packaging. 

What is corporate sustainability? 

These jobs are often similar to the consulting roles, but they’re on a full-time basis with one company. You may be a part of a dedicated sustainability division of a larger company or you may be a sustainability expert embedded on a specific team to help them factor sustainability into their decision-making. 

Getting started often means seeking your own opportunities

Having an educational background in these areas helps. Still, if you’re already in the workforce, you can start by getting involved with your current company’s sustainability initiatives, whether that’s through an employee resource group or a division of the business.


A career in sustainability is ultimately measured not just by business or personal metrics, but by your positive impact and commitment to your values. Sometimes you may have to take on a job or project that isn’t perfect, but it’s best to avoid greenwashing and stick to your guns as often as you can.

Greenwashing is the practice of using shallow sustainability practices, gestures and vague language to make it seem as though your company or organisation is committed to limiting its environmental impact when it’s really not. A huge pitfall of non-technical corporate sustainability roles is that you are often enlisted in these efforts. However, if you feel that you can make a difference by advocating for better practices at a company, this should not necessarily be a dealbreaker. Get experience where you can, advocate for the best policies and solutions available and be the change you want to see in the world.

To do that, though, you need to be able to spot greenwashing and have knowledge of real sustainability best practices.

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